中国综合自然地理学的近今进展与前瞻

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1北京大学地理科学研究中心


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综合自然地理学及相关的景观生态学是自然地理学的重要分支学科。本文综述了近年来综合自然地理学在学术和应用方面取得的重要进展,由3部分组成:(1)学科发展回顾;(2)近今主要进展,包括在基础研究理论与方法技术方面的学科进展和研究成果应用方面的贡献;(3)学科未来展望,包括机遇与挑战分析和重点研究领域。综合自然地理学的未来发展应注意以下方面:进一步促进更高层次的综合与集成,加强多学科间的交叉融合,共同探究地表系统复杂性问题及机制;进一步提高观测技术和模型模拟的水平,以解决空间与时间上更为复杂的生物地理过程和格局问题;进一步拓展应用领域,为国家资源、环境和社会经济的可持续发展提供科技支持。

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语种: 中文   

基金科技部创新方法工作资助(2007FY140800-1)

关键词综合自然地理学 景观生态学 土地科学 自然区划


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