塔里木河流域冰川变化及其对水资源影响

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在近一个世纪以来全球变暖趋势显著的背景下,1980年代中后期以来新疆等地区的降水、出山径流出现持续增加现象,冰川也呈加速萎缩状态。作者从区域冰川研究入手,研究在这种气候暖湿转变背景下,塔里木河流域冰川变化的响应及其影响。通过应用大比例尺地形图、高分辨率卫星遥感影像及航空摄影照片获得了塔里木河流域3000多条冰川1960年代初以来的变化,表明该流域近30多年来冰川呈总体萎缩状态,冰川退缩已给塔里木河流域水资源变化带来了明显的影响。

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语种: 中文   

基金国家自然科学基金项目(90202013;40371026);中国科学院知识创新工程项目(KZCX3-SW-345;K...

关键词新疆 塔里木河 冰川变化 水资源 卫星遥感


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