中国土壤有机碳库及其演变与应对气候变化

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1南京农业大学农业资源与生态环境研究所


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通过综述和评价中国土壤,特别是农田土壤有机碳库(以下简称碳库)的现状与演变态势,讨论其对我国应对气候变化的意义,提出了我国土壤碳库及其演变与应对气候变化的基本国情是:1)我国土壤背景碳储量较低且区域分布不均衡;2)我国土壤固碳效应明显,未来固碳减排潜力显著;3)技术和政策是实现和提高我国土壤碳汇、促进我国应对气候变化能力建设的重要途径。建议进一步加强对我国农田土壤固碳减排的研发投入,完善农业应对气候变化的相关政策和鼓励措施体系,研究构建气候友好的新型农业,以期在提高和稳定农业生产力与应对气候变化能力上获得双赢。

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语种: 中文   

基金国家自然科学基金国际合作重大项目(40270010092);教育部重大项目我国农田有机碳库变化及其调控因素;中国科协...

关键词中国 土壤有机碳库 气候变化 固碳 农田土壤


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