空气污染对人体健康影响研究的进展

魏复盛 已出版文章查询
魏复盛
本平台内已出版文章查询
1 胡伟 已出版文章查询
胡伟
本平台内已出版文章查询
1 滕恩江 已出版文章查询
滕恩江
本平台内已出版文章查询
1 吴国平 已出版文章查询
吴国平
本平台内已出版文章查询
1

+ 作者地址

1中国环境监测总站,北京,100029


0
  • 摘要
  • 参考文献
  • 相关文章
  • 统计
本文简要评述了室内、室外空气污染对人体呼吸健康及儿童肺功能生长发育影响的研究现状及发展趋势.空气颗粒物(PM10、PM2.5)、气体污染物(SO2、NO2、O3)及挥发性有机物是主要污染因子.空气污染物达到一定的浓度水平,且经过较长时期的暴露就能显现出人体呼吸健康的有害影响,使人们感冒时咳嗽、感冒时咳痰、感冒时气喘、支气管炎、哮喘及因呼吸系统疾病住院率明显上升;对儿童肺功能发育也有不利影响,使儿童肺功能指标异常数增加.肺功能指标FVC、FEV1、FEV1/FVC%明显下降.影响最大的首要污染物是PM10、PM2.5;影响较大居第二位的是SO2;NOx污染的影响相对较弱.

[1] Roemer,W;Hoek,G;Brunekreef,B;Haluszka,J;Kalandidi,A;Pekkanen,J .Daily variations in air pollution and respiratory health in a multicentre study: the PEACE project. Pollution Effects on Asthmatic Children in Europe.[J].The European Respiratory Journal,1998(6):1354-1361.

[2] Cuijpers CE;Swaen GM;Wesseling G;Wouters EF .Acute respiratory effects of summer smog in primary school children[J].Toxicology Letters,1994,72(1-3):227-235.

[3] Oyama S;Masuko N;Tsuchiya S .Analysis of air pollution and prevalence rate of allergic diseases among elementary school children in Kawaguchi and Hatgaya city[J].Masuko N,1998,47(11):1190-1197.

[4] Jedrychowski W;Flak E;Mraz E .Occurrence of allergy in school - age chileren and their parents in relation to atmospheric air pollution Prospective study in Cracow[J].Flak E,1998,55(09):437-441.

[5] Heinrich J;Hoelscher B;Wjst M;Ritz B, Cyrys J, Wichmann H .Respiratory diseases and allergies in two polluted areas in East Germany[J].Environmental Health Perspectives,1999,107(01):53-62.

[6] Dockery DW;Speizer FE;Stram DO;Ware JH,Spengler JD,Ferris BG Jr .Fffects of inhalable particles on respiratory health of children[J].American Review of Respiratory Diseases,1989,139(03):587-594.

[7] Boezen HM;van der Zee SC;Postma DS;Vonk JM, Gerritsen J, Hoek G, Brunekreef B, Rijcken B, Schouten JP .Effects of ambient air pollution on upper and lower respiratory symptoms and peak expiratory flow in children[J].LANCET,1999,353(9156):874-878.

[8] Ostro BD;Eskeland CS;Sanchez JM;Feyzioglu T .Air pollution and health effects:A study of medical visits among chidren in SantiagoChile[J].Environmental Health Perspectives,1999,107(01):69-73.

[9] Nenedetto Di G .Passive smoking in childhood J R[J].Soc Health,1995,115(01):13-16.

[10] Ware JH;Dockery DW;Spiro A 3d;Speizer FE., Ferris BG Jr. .Passive smoking gas cooking and respiratory health of children living in six cities[J].American Review of Respiratory Diseases,1984,129(03):366-374.

[11] Krzyzanowski M;quackenboss JJ;lebowitz MD .Chomic respriatroy effects of indoor formaldehyde exposure[J].Environmental Research,1990,52(02):117-125.

[12] Pope CA 3d;Xu X .passive cigarette smoke coal heating and respiratory symptoms of nonsmoking women in China[J].Health Perspectives,1993,101(04):314-316.

[13] Duhme H;Weiland SK;Keil U .Epidemiological analyses of the relationship between environmental pollution and asthma[J].Toxicology Letters,1998,102-103:307-316.

[14] 胡伟,吴国平,滕恩江.被动吸烟对儿童呼吸健康的影响[J].环境科学研究,2000(04):59.

[15] 宫澤正治;中澤清明;方波 et al.小兒の肺機能に關する研究一スバィロダラ厶ろょびフロ一ボリュ-厶测定值と正常值予測式-Jpn[J].Journal of Clinical Pathology,1990,38:1181-1182.

[16] WANG X;Dockery DW;Wypij D etc.Pulmonary function growth velocity in children 6 to 18 years of age[J].American Review of Respiratory Diseases,1993,148:1502-1508.

[17] Frischer,T;Studnicka,M;Gartner,C;Tauber,E;Horak,F;Veiter,A;Spengler,J;Kuhr,J;Urbanek,R .Lung function growth and ambient ozone: a three-year population study in school children (see comments)[J].American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine,1999(2):390-396.

[18] Roemer W;Clench Aas-J;Englert N;Hoek G;Katsouyanni K;Pekkanen J;Brunekreef B .Inhomogeneity in response to air pollution in European children (PEACE project).[J].Occupational and environmental medicine,1999(2):86-92.

[19] Jedrychowski W;Flak E;Mraz E .The adverse effect of low levels of ambient air pollutants on lung function growth in preadolescent chileren[J].Flak E,1999,107(08):669-674.

[20] Peters,JM;Avol,E;Gauderman,WJ;Linn,WS;Navidi,W;London,SJ;Margolis,H;Rappaport,E;Vora,H;Gong,H Jr;Thomas,DC .A study of twelve Southern California communities with differing levels and types of air pollution. II. Effects on pulmonary function.[J].American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine,1999(3):768-775.

[21] Azizi BHO;Henry RL .Effects of indoor air pollution on lung function of primary school children in Kuana Lumpur[J].Pediatric Pulmonology,1990,9:24-29.

[22] SHEN SHANKANG,QIN YUHUI,CAO ZHAOJING,SHANG JIANYING,LIU YUNGQING,YANG XU,Deng Yongqing,Huang Jiang,FU ZHENYING,SONG XIANGDONG.Indoor Air Pollution and Pulmonary Function in Children[J].生物医学与环境科学,1992(02):136.

[23] Haby MM;Peat JK;Woolcock AJ .Effect of passive smoking asthma and respiratory infection on lung function in Australian children[J].Pulmonol,1994,18(05):323-329.

[24] Hoek G;Wypij D;Brunekreef B .Self-reporting versus parental reporting of acute respiratory symptoms of children and their relation to pulmonary function and air pollution.[J].International Journal of Epidemiology: Official Journal of the International Epidemiological Association,1999(2):293-299.



期刊热词
  • + 更多
  • 字体大小